Dialogue and Deliberation

Dialogue and Deliberation for Furthering CCE’s

University-Community Engagement

The Extension Reconsidered project in New York State is encouraging a “deliberative” approach as part of our reflection on Extension and its role in University-Community Engagement. Using a deliberative process offers particular benefits, such as:

Building understanding and knowledge about our system

Providing a facilitated forum to help bridge differences in opinion about our work

Engaging diverse voices in order to seek answers about how we could work

Engaging in a democratic process to model problem solving

Deliberative processes come in many forms, but all include elements of pre-determined ground rules, respectful listening and inclusion. A good survey of deliberative processes is available online at the National Coalition for Dialogue and Deliberation.  Choosing an appropriate deliberative process should be based on your goals in using a deliberative process, the amount of time you can commit to the process, and the availability of resources.

There are many methods for dialogue and deliberation. For a full overview see:the Engagement Streams Framework from NCDD (linked below)

There are many methods for dialogue and deliberation. For a full overview see:the Engagement Streams Framework from NCDD (linked below)

One well-tested model is the “deliberative forum”, developed by the Kettering Foundation’s National Issue Forums. This model offers a strong method for engaging people with diverse perspectives and experiences, and promoting a dialog that helps participants learn more about other views, recognize tradeoffs inherent in each view, and emerge with a richer understanding of choices and opportunities for Extension.

The main elements of the Kettering deliberative forum model are facilitated group discussion(s) prompted by a discussion guide that lays out three distinct responses to a framing question[1], with closing reflections and assessment. In the case of Extension reconsidered, a potential framing question is: “What should Extension’s role be in its second century?” The process can be tailored to meet the interests, goals, and time and resource availability of a particular host county or region.  CCE’s Extension Reconsidered team will provide support and assistance for planning and for the events.

The goal of these deliberative forums is to engage diverse stakeholders in a process of discussion and reflection that will contribute to local dialogs and relationships, and will help shape the implementation of Strategic Plan Initiative A as we move forward. University-Community Engagement spans the breadth of extension work here in New York State, and by holding deliberative forums in each of the several regions of New York State and on campus we hope to attain a fair representation of citizens, collaborators, staff, and faculty with an interest and stake in our work as we move forward in fulfilling the promise of CCE’s Strategic Plan.


We are hoping to have 4-6 deliberative events altogether between now and September, with some hosted in county associations and one or more hosted on campus. The results of these deliberative forums, and other public deliberations occurring as part of Extension Reconsidered, will be synthesized in a document to be presented on October 8, 2014 at the CCE Executive Leadership Conference.

A very good overview of multiple deliberation methods and their use and contexts is provided in the EngagementStreams Framework (pdf) developed by the National Coalition for Dialogue and Deliberation.

Specific information on the National Issues Forum process can be found online at: http://www.nifi.org/

Thanks to Sandy Heierbacher of the National Coalition for Dialogue and Deliberation for providing the image and Engagement Streams Framework for inclusion here.

[1] For more information about framing questions see: Naming and Framing Difficult Issues to Make Sound Decisions, Kettering Foundation (2011)  http://kettering.org/publications/naming-and-framing-difficult-issues-to-make-sound-decisions/


One thought on “Dialogue and Deliberation

    I believe in people and their hopes, their aspirations, and their faith; in their right to make their own plans and arrive at their own decisions; in their ability and power to enlarge their lives and plan for the happiness of those they love.

    I believe that education, of which Extension work is an essential part, is basic in stimulating individual initiative, self-determination, and leadership, that these are keys to democracy and that people, when given facts they understand, will act not only in their self-interest but also in the interest of society.

    I believe that education is a lifelong process and the greatest university is the home; that my success as a teacher is proportional to those qualities of mind and spirit that give me welcome entrance to the homes of the families that I serve.

    I believe in intellectual freedom to search for the present, the truth without bias and with courteous tolerance toward the views of others.

    I believe that the Extension Service is the link between the people and the ever-changing discoveries in the laboratory.

    I believe in the public institutions of which I am a part.

    I believe in my own work and in the opportunity I have to make my life useful to mankind.

    I believe this things, I am an Extension worker.

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